Geography of KishanganjLocated at extreme northern portion of Bihar state, Kishanganj maintains its identity of being a strategically reputable district. This district is part of northern Indian plains just before start of the hills of West Bengal. The Queen of Hills—Darjeeling is located at a distance of less than 200 kilometers from Kishanganj. Several rivers and tributaries cross through this district. The rivers flowing through this district include Mahananda, Kankai, Mechi, Donk, Rauta and Ramzan et al.
These rivers are major sources of irrigation and agriculture water needs of the region.Interestingly these rivers are equally main curse for the region. They often cause flood situations in district. The district headquarters Kishanganj city is geographically located between 250 20 and 260 30 North Latitudes besides 870 7 and 880 19 East Longitudes. Total area of Kishanganj District spreads over at 1,884 square kilometers. The average elevation of Kishanganj city above the sea level is 55m.
Geographical Features of KishanganjSurrounded through adjoining districts of Araria in western side, southwest side covered by Purnia District besides nearby state West Bengal’s Uttar Dinajpur District from southwestern side, Kishanganj is equally noticeable due to it being surrounded by Darjeeling District, and due to sharing an international border with the neighboring country Nepal in northern side.Kishanganj is the only district of Bihar where organized tea plantation began decades ago that has further popularized this area in the state. Tourists find in it many unique features to explore from enjoying great time while exploring picturesque landscapes which combine various tourist destinations, paddy fields, parks, lakes and tea gardens et al to urban conglomerations of Kishanganj city as district headquarters besides cities of Thakurganj and Bahadurganj. Rest areas in the district are mainly rural establishments.
Climate of KishanganjNearness to Darjeeling Hills impacts a lot on the climate of Kishanganj District. Climatic condition of Kishanganj is humid and this region observes three main seasons including summer, winter and monsoon. This region observes approximately 1461mm annual rainfall. In general normal rainfall this district observes is 2077.9mm with average 60 days rainy days throughout the year. Average maximum temperature varies from 32 to 39°C degrees. The minimum average temperature of the region comes down at 8 to 10°C. Average maximum temperature goes high to 41°C during summertime and so does minimum come down to 05°C. In general, average temperature remains 27°C and 80% of total rainfall recorded is during the monsoon period. Summer season starts from late March to continue till early June month. Kishanganj observes winter season from early November to early March. Hottest month of the year is May while the temperature reaches to its maximum level. July to September is monsoon season while this area receives its maximum rainfall. Make a trip to Kishanganj anytime between October to March months which remains most favourable time to visit and explore this region.
Topography of KishanganjKishanganj maintains wonderful topography. Most areas are plains and in few regions mineral deposits have also been found in recent past. As several ancient remains are found in this district, the region welcomes its archeologist and geologist visitors on regular intervals. They usually research to learn more about the golden past of this region. Tourist attractions are tea gardens, a lake besides several rivers which remain notable attractions in Kishanganj District.Prominent rivers Mahananda, Kankai, Mechi, Donk, Rauta and Ramzan are key sources of irrigation water meant for agriculture in Kishanganj District. Rice, wheat, oilseeds, pulses and maize are major crop produces in the area in and around this district. Few factories too have been established in this region in the recent decades.
Soil Texture of KishanganjAlluvial soil of Kishanganj District and nearby regions makes it best suitable for various crop farming. Soil texture also maintains sandy and loamy features which make its plains suitable for the agricultural activities. In fact rich alluvial deposit of black cotton soil makes it ultimate for the agricultural needs of this region.
Vegetation of KishanganjRich forestry, wildlife panorama, lakes and parks distinguish Kishanganj in the region’s map. Thakurganj and Terhagach are two blocks of the district where ample forest reserves are found. Nehru Shanti Park and Kargil Park are the two beautiful parks in the city premises. Forest formations found in Kishanganj include herbal plants, fruit plants, teak, sal and several others making its forestry a mixed one.
Demography of KishanganjRecent census in 2011 recorded total population of Kishanganj at 1690948 out of which males and females constituted 868,845 and 822,103 respectively. With average 30.44% population growth of the district, now Kishanganj maintains 898density/km2. Sex ratio of Kishanganj is 946 per 1000 males while average literacy recorded in recent census is 57.04% out of which male and female literacies are 65.56% and 47.98% respectively.
Rivers in KishanganjMahananda, Kankai, Mechi, Donk, Ratua and Ramzan Sudhani are some of the major rivers which flow in various parts of Kishanganj District. These rivers cater to the irrigation & agriculture needs of area and so do they often cause flooding in the region.
Geographical Details of Kishanganj
Altitude: 55m above sea level
Location: 25.676796°N 86.945708°E
Climate: Humid Sub Tropical
Summer Temperature: 41°C degrees (maximum), 32°C (minimum)
Winter Temperature: 27°C (maximum), 5°C (minimum)